The test is made by running the machine
as a motor at rated voltage and frequency without connected load. To
ensure that the correct value of friction loss is obtained, the
machine should be operated until the input has stabilized.

5.3.1 No-load current

The current in each line is read. The
average of the line currents is the no-load current.

5.3.2 No-load losses

The reading of input power is the total
of the losses in the motor at no-load. Subtracting the stator I2R

loss (at the temperature of this test)
from the input gives the sum of the friction (including brush
friction loss on wound-rotor motors), windage, and core losses.

5.3.3 Separation of core loss from
friction and windage loss

Separation of the core loss from the
friction and windage loss may be made by reading voltage, current,
and power input at rated frequency and at voltages ranging from 125%
of rated voltage down to the point where further voltage reduction
increases the current.

5.3.4 Friction and windage

Power input minus the stator I2R loss
is plotted vs. voltage, and the curve so obtained is extended to zero
voltage. The intercept with the zero voltage axis is the friction and
windage loss.

5.3.5 Core loss

The core loss at no load and rated
voltage is obtained by subtracting the value of friction and windage
loss (obtained from 5.3.4) from the sum of the friction, windage
loss, and core loss (obtained from 5.3.2).

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