The following is taken in part from the OSHA, NIOSH, NSC regulations, and the American Heart Association recommendations. These are steps that should be taken in the event of a possible electrocution
(cardiac arrest).

You need to refer to the actual cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instructions for complete and detailed requirements, and to take CPR training.

• First of all, you must recognize that an emergency exists. Timing is everything. The time between the accident and arrival of paramedics is crucial. Call 911 immediately. Don’t delay.

• Don’t touch the person if he or she is still in contact with the live circuit.

• Shut off the power.

• Stay with the person while someone else contacts the paramedics, who have training in the basics of life support. In most localities, telephoning 911 will get you to the paramedics.

• Have the caller verify that the call was made and that help is on the way.

• Don’t move the person.

• Check for bleeding; stop the bleeding if it occurs.

• If the person is unconscious, check for breathing.

• The ABCs of CPR are: airway must be clear; breathing is a must, either by the victim or the rescuer; and circulation (check pulse).

• Perform CPR if the victim is not breathing— within 4 minutes is critical. If the brain is deprived of oxygen for more than 4 minutes, brain damage will occur. If it is deprived of oxygen for more than 10 minutes, the survival rate is 1 in 100. CPR keeps oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and heart.

• Defibrillation may be necessary to reestablish a normal heartbeat. Ventricular fibrillation is common with electric shock, which causes the heartbeat to be uneven and unable to properly pump blood.

• By now, the trained paramedics should have arrived to apply advanced care.

• When it comes to an electrical shock, timing is everything!

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