TYPES OF ELECTRICAL MACHINE WINDING BASICS AND TUTORIALS

(a) Coil winding
The winding consists of coils wound on all the poles of the machine and connected together to form a suitable series or parallel circuit. The direction of the current in the alternate pole will be opposite so that when one pole is the North Pole, the other adjacent pole will be a South Pole.

This produces the flux in the proper direction, completing the magnetic circuit from the North Pole to the South Pole through the iron cores of both the stator and the rotor.

The coil may be wound on the stator or on the rotor, forming the salient or non-salient poles of the machine. The DC supply is given to these windings and they produce a field proportional to the magnitude of the current through the windings. If the poles are on the stator, a stationary field is produced in the air gap.

(b) Commutator winding
The commutator winding is on the rotor. The armature has open slots and the conductors are located in these slots and connected to the commutator segments in a continuous sequence.

(c) Polyphase winding
Polyphase winding is a distributed winding. Individual conductors are distributed in slots in a suitable way and connected into a number of separate circuits, one for each phase. The group of conductors forming the phase bands is distributed in a regular sequence over the successive pole pitches so that there is balanced winding that produces an equal voltage per phase.

This type of winding is mainly used for the stator. When supplied with three-phase currents it produces a rotating field in the air gap. This is of a constant magnitude but rotating at a constant synchronous speed.

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